¿En plan de qué? ¡Desemplántate! – Gloria Jimeno

¿En plan de qué?  ¡Desemplántate! – Gloria Jimeno

¿En plan de qué?

De un tiempo a esta parte, no hago otra cosa que oír a mis alumnos una expresión que me resulta cansina, onerosa ya, de puro repetitiva: en plan.

La razón de mi lamento al detectarla en los diálogos de los alumnos, no estriba tanto en la alusión a la locución adverbial en sí, como en el extraño uso, que, a mi juicio, realizan, al socaire de cualquier tema. Cuando, pongamos por caso, pregunto en el transcurso de la clase a un alumno sobre asuntos literarios en estos términos: “–María, ¿a qué época o corriente literaria pertenece Garcilaso de la Vega?–”; ésta, sin pensárselo dos veces, me ofrece la respuesta siguiente, que concita toda mi atención:

“ –Pues, profe, al siglo XVI, en plan, al Renacimiento–”.

Deduzco, así pues, que, en ocasiones, esta expresión la utilizan los jóvenes como una locución conjuntiva, en el marco de lo que supongo podría ser una oración compuesta coordinada explicativa. Barrunto, entonces que, en realidad, ella estaría contestando lo siguiente: “Garcilaso pertenece al siglo XVI, es decir, escribió en el Renacimiento”.

Me parece oportuno traer a colación otro ejemplo que oigo a unos alumnos de una universidad privada de renombre, mientras espero el autobús:

“–Mi amiga Vanesa maquilla fenomenal, en plan, te da dos toques con la brocha y te deja fenomenal–”.

Como puede deducirse de estas palabras, es posible aventurar que se recurre a “en plan”, cada vez que se cree necesario aclarar un asunto, precisarlo o matizarlo, inclusive, con un ejemplo.

Sea como fuere, está claro que es un uso coloquial de los jóvenes, que me indican, es moderno, “pijo”, está de moda y les identifica con su nuevo concepto de ver el mundo. Esto me trae a las mientes el “o sea” que usábamos y se oía, cuando en nuestra época del cole frecuentábamos esas discotecas selectas del madrileño barrio de Salamanca.

Podemos colegir, de este modo, que en los ejemplos apuntados líneas más arriba, “en plan” se usaría como una locución conjuntiva de significado y uso parejo a “o sea”, “es decir”, “por tanto”…

El problema es que las más de las veces, los usos de mis alumnos no apuntan en esa dirección. En apoyo de esta tesis, ofrezco el siguiente ejemplo, que surge de modo inopinado, cuando un lunes, a primera hora, oigo a uno de mis estudiantes preguntar a su compañero, mientras estoy explicando, casualmente, el uso del vocativo:

“–Sergio, ¿en el fin de semana qué has hecho?–”

“–En plan, nos fuimos al cine y a merendar” –responde su compañero, haciendo caso omiso de mis explicaciones, obviamente, menos atractivas que las aventuras dominicales de su compañero.

Tras ello, y a modo de venganza, pido a Sergio que salga a la pizarra para que corrija el análisis sintáctico, y le pregunto por un sintagma de una oración. Él, con semblante pensativo, señala:

“–En plan, profe, es sintagma nominal–.”

A renglón seguido,  le pido a otro de sus compañeros que analice una oración, pero dice que no ha podido hacer los deberes, y se excusa en semejantes términos:

“–He estado fuera todo el fin de semana, y ayer regresé.  Se nos estropeó el coche, nos vino la grúa tarde, y en plan, se hizo de noche, y llegamos de madrugada. –

Y yo, ante semejantes explicaciones y contestaciones de mis alumnos, me quedo “en plan” atónita, dándole vueltas a la dichosa palabra, que oigo infinidad de veces durante la jornada escolar, y con tan diferentes valores. Puesto que parece ser que todo vale con esta palabra, y que puede emplearse también para sustituir al adverbio de tiempo “entonces”.

Hay que pensar, por lo dicho, que indefectiblemente, hemos llegado a un punto en que los alumnos emplean este vocablo como una muletilla, que deseo, ardientemente,  rogaría, incluso, no se consolide y perviva entre nosotros.

En las clases de Historia de la Lengua Española, que tanto me apasionaban en la época universitaria, los profesores nos aconsejaban, cuando nos asaltaran dudas sobre las acepciones de una palabra, consultar la inconmensurable obra de Joan Corominas, su Diccionario etimológico de la lengua castellana, para ahondar en su origen, toda vez que arroja mucha luz sobre los usos léxicos. Siguiendo los dictados de aquellos magníficos profesores, abro las páginas de este título de obligada consulta para un filólogo, y encuentro que  “plan” procede, en primer término del latín “planta”, entendida como “espacio que ocupa la base de un edificio, comparable con la planta del pie respecto de una persona”. De ello derivó luego, el uso de “planta” como “diseño de un edificio”, y por extensión, y, en francés, surgió un “plant” en 1569, que es el origen del vocablo castellano “plan”, documentado en 1737 con el valor de “escrito en que se apuntan las grandes líneas de una cosa”.

En el Diccionario de uso del español de María Moliner se registran ejemplos sobre esta palabra como “en plan de” (estar en actitud de hacer o estar dispuesto a hacer algo). Así, por ejemplo, es posible emplear “está en plan de echarnos una mano”; ahora bien, la locución lleva la preposición “de”, que no usan mis alumnos, con lo cual, aquí no hallamos una posible explicación a los usos comentados.

No soy capaz de entender muy bien la procedencia de esta expresión, pero estoy convencida de que no tardarán mucho nuestros ilustres académicos de la RAE en encontrar la razón de ser de este uso, y espero puedan precisarlo, e, incluso, censurarlo o rectificarlo, porque cada vez que resuena en las clases me resulta ya insufrible, “en plan”, me irrita y desespera.

 

Gloria Jimeno

 

 

 

Autor

Comments

  1. gamefly
    gamefly 4 mayo, 2019, 18:40

    You really make it appear so easy together with your presentation but I to find this topic
    to be really one thing which I feel I’d never understand.
    It kind of feels too complex and very vast for me. I am having a look ahead for
    your subsequent put up, I’ll attempt to get the hang of it!

    Reply this comment
  2. minecraft download free
    minecraft download free 9 mayo, 2019, 03:47

    hey there and thank you for your info – I
    have certainly picked up anything new from right here.
    I did however expertise several technical points using this web site, since
    I experienced to reload the site a lot of times previous to I could get
    it to load properly. I had been wondering if your hosting is OK?

    Not that I’m complaining, but slow loading instances times will very frequently affect
    your placement in google and can damage your high-quality score if advertising and marketing with Adwords.
    Anyway I’m adding this RSS to my e-mail and could look out for a lot more of your respective
    intriguing content. Ensure that you update this
    again very soon.

    Reply this comment
  3. g
    g 10 mayo, 2019, 23:55

    Someone necessarily assist to make seriously articles I’d state.
    That is the first time I frequented your website page and so far?
    I amazed with the analysis you made to create this actual submit amazing.
    Fantastic job!

    Reply this comment
  4. g
    g 11 mayo, 2019, 17:44

    wonderful points altogether, you just gained a emblem new reader.
    What may you suggest about your submit that you simply made some days ago?
    Any sure?

    Reply this comment
  5. gamefly free trial
    gamefly free trial 2 junio, 2019, 20:14

    Simply wish to say your article is as surprising.
    The clearness to your put up is simply great and that i can think you
    are an expert in this subject. Well together with your permission allow me to
    snatch your RSS feed to stay up to date with coming near near post.

    Thank you a million and please carry on the gratifying work.

    Reply this comment
  6. and coconut oil
    and coconut oil 15 noviembre, 2019, 17:16

    It’s remarkable to pay a visit this web page and reading the views of all colleagues on the
    topic of this article, while I am also zealous
    of getting knowledge.

    Reply this comment
  7. http://tinyurl.com/quest-bars-cheap-85497
    http://tinyurl.com/quest-bars-cheap-85497 20 noviembre, 2019, 15:29

    I’m no longer certain the place you are getting your info,
    but good topic. I needs to spend a while learning more or figuring out more.
    Thank you for fantastic info I used to be on the lookout for
    this info for my mission.

    Reply this comment
  8. plenty of fish dating site
    plenty of fish dating site 26 noviembre, 2019, 08:44

    Ahaa, its pleasant dialogue regarding this paragraph
    at this place at this web site, I have read all that, so
    now me also commenting at this place.

    Reply this comment
  9. quest bars cheap
    quest bars cheap 30 noviembre, 2019, 05:45

    If some one wishes to be updated with newest technologies
    after that he must be go to see this web site and be up to date everyday.

    Reply this comment
  10. quest bars cheap
    quest bars cheap 1 diciembre, 2019, 20:41

    Thanks for any other fantastic article. The place else may just anybody get that type of info in such an ideal
    approach of writing? I have a presentation next week, and I am on the look for
    such info.

    Reply this comment
  11. quest bars cheap coupon twitter
    quest bars cheap coupon twitter 2 diciembre, 2019, 23:33

    I have read so many articles on the topic of the blogger lovers but this post is truly
    a good article, keep it up.

    Reply this comment
  12. quest bars cheap coupon twitter
    quest bars cheap coupon twitter 3 diciembre, 2019, 16:34

    I’m extremely inspired with your writing abilities as well
    as with the layout in your weblog. Is this a paid subject or did you modify it yourself?
    Anyway stay up the nice high quality writing, it’s uncommon to look a great weblog like this one nowadays..

    Reply this comment
  13. quest bars cheap
    quest bars cheap 3 diciembre, 2019, 23:26

    Hmm it looks like your website ate my first comment (it was extremely long)
    so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I submitted and
    say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I too am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new to everything.
    Do you have any suggestions for rookie blog writers? I’d certainly appreciate it.

    Reply this comment
  14. ps4 games
    ps4 games 4 diciembre, 2019, 23:05

    certainly like your web site but you have to test the spelling on quite a few of your posts.
    A number of them are rife with spelling issues and I in finding it
    very troublesome to inform the truth on the other hand I will certainly come again again.

    Reply this comment
  15. ps4 games
    ps4 games 5 diciembre, 2019, 22:19

    Good site you have got here.. It’s difficult to find high quality writing like yours nowadays.

    I honestly appreciate people like you! Take care!!

    Reply this comment
  16. ps4 games
    ps4 games 6 diciembre, 2019, 05:19

    Greetings from Los angeles! I’m bored to death at work so I decided to check out your website on my iphone during
    lunch break. I love the info you present here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home.

    I’m surprised at how quick your blog loaded on my cell phone ..
    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, good site!

    Reply this comment
  17. ps4 games
    ps4 games 7 diciembre, 2019, 02:52

    Hi I am so happy I found your weblog, I really found
    you by error, while I was looking on Google for something else,
    Nonetheless I am here now and would just like to say many thanks for a
    fantastic post and a all round enjoyable blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to go through it all at the moment but I have bookmarked it and also added your
    RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read more, Please do keep
    up the great b.

    Reply this comment
  18. quest bars cheap
    quest bars cheap 7 diciembre, 2019, 12:11

    Greetings from Idaho! I’m bored at work so I decided to browse your website on my iphone during
    lunch break. I love the information you present here and can’t wait to
    take a look when I get home. I’m amazed at how quick your blog loaded on my mobile ..
    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, very good site!

    Reply this comment
  19. quest bars cheap
    quest bars cheap 9 diciembre, 2019, 01:31

    It’s truly very difficult in this busy life to listen news on Television, thus I just use
    internet for that purpose, and take the hottest news.

    Reply this comment
  20. quest bars cheap
    quest bars cheap 9 diciembre, 2019, 18:47

    Hi, Neat post. There is an issue along with your web site in internet explorer, may check this?

    IE still is the market leader and a huge portion of folks will omit your magnificent writing because of
    this problem.

    Reply this comment
  21. ps4 games
    ps4 games 10 diciembre, 2019, 22:17

    Great article! We will be linking to this great article on our site.
    Keep up the great writing.

    Reply this comment
  22. ps4 games
    ps4 games 12 diciembre, 2019, 19:55

    Wow, fantastic blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?

    you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your website is
    great, as well as the content!

    Reply this comment
  23. coconut oil
    coconut oil 16 diciembre, 2019, 03:58

    I pay a visit every day a few blogs and websites to read posts, except this web site gives
    feature based content.

    Reply this comment
  24. coconut oil
    coconut oil 17 diciembre, 2019, 06:04

    whoah this blog is excellent i really like reading your posts.
    Stay up the great work! You realize, lots of people are hunting around for this
    info, you can help them greatly.

    Reply this comment
  25. how to get help in windows 10
    how to get help in windows 10 28 diciembre, 2019, 05:08

    Hello there! I just wish to offer you a big thumbs up for your great information you have here on this post.
    I’ll be returning to your blog for more soon.

    Reply this comment
  26. match.com free trial
    match.com free trial 29 diciembre, 2019, 11:13

    Hi! This post could not be written any better! Reading this post reminds me of my old room mate!
    He always kept talking about this. I will forward this article
    to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read.

    Many thanks for sharing!

    Reply this comment
  27. plenty of fish vs match.com free trial
    plenty of fish vs match.com free trial 30 diciembre, 2019, 14:58

    It is not my first time to pay a quick visit this web site, i am browsing this site dailly and take pleasant information from here daily.

    Reply this comment
  28. match.com free trial
    match.com free trial 30 diciembre, 2019, 21:52

    I like the helpful info you provide on your
    articles. I will bookmark your blog and check
    once more right here regularly. I am slightly certain I will be told many new stuff proper here!
    Good luck for the next!

    Reply this comment
  29. sling tv
    sling tv 31 diciembre, 2019, 11:32

    Howdy! Someone in my Myspace group shared this
    site with us so I came to check it out. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m book-marking
    and will be tweeting this to my followers! Exceptional blog and superb design.

    Reply this comment
  30. sling tv
    sling tv 31 diciembre, 2019, 22:59

    Hurrah, that’s what I was looking for, what a data!
    present here at this blog, thanks admin of this web site.

    Reply this comment
  31. https://russellwebster.tumblr.com/
    https://russellwebster.tumblr.com/ 1 enero, 2020, 07:38

    I think this is among the most vital info for me.
    And i’m glad reading your article. But want to remark
    on few general things, The website style is wonderful, the articles is really nice : D.
    Good job, cheers

    Reply this comment
  32. http://tinyurl.com/
    http://tinyurl.com/ 2 enero, 2020, 14:03

    Undeniably imagine that that you stated. Your favourite justification seemed to be
    on the net the simplest thing to bear in mind of. I say to you, I certainly get irked even as people consider
    worries that they just don’t understand about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the entire thing with no need side effect ,
    other folks could take a signal. Will probably be again to get more.

    Thanks

    Reply this comment
  33. sling tv
    sling tv 3 enero, 2020, 05:48

    Hi there, I discovered your site via Google even as looking for a similar topic, your site got here up, it appears good.
    I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
    Hi there, just become aware of your blog thru Google,
    and found that it is truly informative. I’m gonna watch
    out for brussels. I will appreciate in the event you proceed this
    in future. Lots of other people will likely be benefited out of your writing.
    Cheers!

    Reply this comment
  34. sling tv
    sling tv 7 enero, 2020, 11:07

    Hey there just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the images aren’t loading properly.
    I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue.
    I’ve tried it in two different internet browsers and both show the same results.

    Reply this comment
  35. sling tv
    sling tv 14 enero, 2020, 06:26

    I am curious to find out what blog system you are using?
    I’m having some minor security issues with my latest site and I’d like
    to find something more risk-free. Do you have any solutions?

    Reply this comment
  36. sling tv
    sling tv 14 enero, 2020, 11:33

    Wow, incredible blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?
    you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your web site is excellent, let alone
    the content!

    Reply this comment
  37. crystalcollier12.hatenablog.com
    crystalcollier12.hatenablog.com 20 enero, 2020, 02:14

    Of course, what a fantastic blog and instructive posts, I surely will bookmark your site.Best Regards!

    Reply this comment
  38. eridanuspills.com
    eridanuspills.com 2 febrero, 2020, 20:10

    Major thankies for the blog.Thanks Again. Want more.

    Reply this comment
  39. cbd oil that works 2020
    cbd oil that works 2020 4 abril, 2020, 12:07

    Hi to all, it’s genuinely a good for me to go to see this web
    site, it consists of precious Information.

    Reply this comment

Write a Comment

Your e-mail address will not be published.
Required fields are marked*